Sclerotherapy is a medical procedure used to treat varicose and spider veins.* The affected veins are injected with a sclerosant solution through a very fine needle, which causes the veins to eventually collapse and become absorbed into the bloodstream. Sclerotherapy has been used throughout the world since the 1930s; it remains the primary effective treatment for varicose and spider veins.
Sclerotherapy is performed with the aid of ultrasound imaging to ensure precise results that relieve the painful symptoms and unsightly appearance of varicose and spider veins. This safe procedure takes less than an hour.
Anesthesia is not needed for sclerotherapy, during which patients experience only a mild burning sensation. The number of injections per session varies based on the number and length of the damaged veins. After the sclerotherapy procedure, cotton balls and compression tape are applied to the injection site(s).
After sclerotherapy, most patients can return to work and other day-to-day activities the very same day. Exercise and other strenuous activities should be avoided for 7 to 10 days. Compression bandages may need to be worn for a few days after the procedure, and some patients may experience mild bruising and pigmentation following sclerotherapy; these side effects usually subside within a few days.
The results of sclerotherapy are usually fully visible after 3 to 6 weeks. Most patients are satisfied with the results.* To preserve the results of sclerotherapy, patients should maintain an active, healthy lifestyle after the procedure.
While sclerotherapy is safe, risks include lumpy veins, raised red areas, brown lines or spots, swelling, allergic reactions, or infection. Dr. Busso will discuss all these risks with you and address any other concerns you may have about sclerotherapy.